Jewelry makers use chasing and repoussé techniques to add ornamental relief to metals. Our articles cover procedures, tools, and design tips.
As well as being used for chasing they may also be used as punches to make textures. A stamp or texturing punch can be struck onto an annealed blank tool to get a negative impressions of its end. Each texturing tool can then produce its own negative. These blanks in turn are then hardened and tempered. It is wise to always wear goggles when using punches of any kind.
A simple method to start hand engraving/carving. Simple tools,and easier method to learn to hand engrave. Carve coins,and you can sell what you make from the very first day.
METAL CORNUCOPIA CUERNO DE LA ABUNDANCIA EN METAL
A preview of the DVD, Eastern Repouss and Chasing, the latest in the instructional series, Metal Techniques of Bronze Age Masters, available at VictoriaLansford.com
Quoting the scholar, Nyozekan Hasegawa, Masataka Ogawa Calls Japan the country of “the culture of hands.” Over the centuries, no hands have been stronger or more skillful in carrying on the traditions of distinguished craftsmanship than those of the Japanese…
Pitch is used all over the world by goldsmiths and silversmiths to hold metal in place while working it with hammers, punches or chisels. It should be hard enough to fill the requirements of the chasing work done on it. Most chasers will therefore have several hardnesses available, a soft one for deep forming, a medium for regular work and a hard for planishing on. In the old days chasers would even have summer and winter formulations.
The terms repousse and chasing are often confused and not without good reason since the two techniques are often worked together. One might as well think of slipping and sliding to realize how difficult to establish a clear definition particular to each process. In general we might think of repousse as primarily a relief and chasing as more often an intaglio (2-D or linear) technique.
This article, written by Dottie Wood, shares photos and step by step procedure on how to make a bas relief bowl. Read on for more details. I borrowed a kiln which had a controller that I could not figure out…
We are assuming you are using W1 water hardening square stock drill rod, W1 tool steel. Many suppliers will sell W1 tool steel. It is often called drill rod (In England ‘silver steel’). It should be square for less work in tool making, but round drill rod can be filed or forged to square. You should not use key stock, which some hardware suppliers will try and sell to you: it cannot be hardened as described below.
Japanese chasing tools are made from steel blanks available in Japan called tagane. Japanese chasing hammers are lightweight with long straight handles and smaller faces than European styles. They balance beautifully in the hand and are effortless to use. The type of Japanese chasing I learned was called uchidashi. Mostly a top-down technique, this style of chasing includes chiseling to remove material, line and dot inlay, and hammer engraving using a chisel. The tools are shaped at the working end to exact specifications including angles and millimeter measurements of the faces for their particular use.
In the early 1980’s, I made a drawing based on the theme of transformation, a sudden, intuitive grasp of reality – an epiphany. When it came time to make a new enamel to enter in the Enamelist Society exhibition “Surfacing,”…
5 cm diameter round pendant, showing a beautiful woman dancing at Carnival in Brazil. 18k white and yellow gold , with colored enamel, yellow, green, blue, BRASIL colours, in fact … Handmade hollow jewelry.
5 cm diameter round pendant, showing a beautiful woman dancing at Carnival in Brazil. 18k white and yellow gold , with colored enamel, yellow, green, blue. Handmade hollow jewelry.
Working on the front of the piece only is called chasing. Repousse is the combination of tracing the design on the front of the piece using liners (tracers), raising a relief by pushing from the back using different punches, and finally working the details on the front of the piece. This method is the classical repousse technique. There is also a “direct” repousse in which the design is drawn or transferred on the back of the piece, and the relief is raised directly from there, thus eliminating the initial tracing of the design.
Chasing and repousse is carried out on various surfaces using steel punches to strike and manipulate sheet metal or cast objects. Flat pattern chasing or stamping sheet metal can be done on an anvil, or the bottom of an old iron which makes an excellent surface to strike on. Sometimes thin double-sided carpet tape works well to stick a piece of metal onto a flat surface for stamping or chasing like this. Most chasing and repousse however has more dimensional relief than flat chasing and is often done with the metal fixed onto pitch. Various pitch types and hardnesses are available from most tool suppliers.
An ancient system of working metals, this procedure uses steel punches to manipulate the metal while it is fixed onto a pitch or tar-like material. There are traditional pine-resin pitches and modern petroleum-based ones. The petroleum-based pitches are considered potential dermatitis-causing materials, as well as some evidence of their being carcinogenic. At this point most jewelers pitches available through the main suppliers are petroleum-based, and thus, in my opinion, suspect. Besides, they do not work nearly as nicely as the pine pitches.
Necklace with roses, repousse, two color gold, hollow structure. Using basic repousse technique to make leaves and rose buds and petals…
I was recently in Chiang Mai, a city in northern Thailand, where I spent a month visiting silversmiths and chasers to document their work. The city is teeming with chasers, and there are whole temples covered in metalwork. The chasers…
Reviving the virtually dead enameling technique plique-à-jour, which means “the light of day as seen through a membrane,” has been a challenge to Jean Sampel and Susan Noland since the late 1960s. Their interest in this technique, perfected by the…
Copy of the horn from Black Graves Repouss fitting, silver plate 0.5 mm Made by: Waclaw Ganew
Five thousand years of Korean goldsmithing was interrupted from 1913 to 1953 due to the Japanese invasion and the Korean War. In looking back, goldsmithing or metalsmithing programs in Korea’s colleges and universities formerly concentrated on design rather than practice….