World Mining Report 2005 – Eastern Europe

Colored gemstone mining is a hard thing to pin down. The vast majority of mining is still done by independent, small-scale miners, working in remote locations and selling to buyers who pay cash and may or may not declare their gems on export. For many producing countries, particularly in Africa, the real production from the mines probably outstrips the reported production by a factor of 10 -- or 20, or possibly 100. No one really knows. In compiling this report, weve included estimates from both official and unofficial sources, but in some cases there simply isnt any information available. This report isnt intended as a comprehensive list of gemstone deposits; its a guide to the most active mining areas in the world right now, with the humble acknowledgment that no matter how much we see, theres always more out there.

1 Minute Read

HomeLearning CenterJewelry MakingGemologyGem MiningWorld Mining Report 2005 – Eastern Europe
By Morgan BeardMore from this author

This page "World Mining Report 2005 - Eastern Europe" includes estimates from both official and unofficial sources of active mining deposits in Eastern Europe.

Related Article: World Mining Report 2005 - List of Countries

Eastern Europe

Baltic Amber Region

The Plazhova strip mine, located in the Kaliningrad Zone of Russia, produced approximately 70 percent of the global supply of raw amber until the mine flooded in 2001 due to over mining. The mines collapsed, and legal mining has since been restricted in the area. Approximately 90 tons of amber were extracted from the area in 2004, compared to 1,000 tons in 1996, while amber prices have almost doubled each year since the flood.

Ukraine also has amber deposits on the Volyhn-Polesie border; Poland has deposits in the mining areas along the Vistula River delta. Currently, the yearly production for the Baltic states is approximated at: Russia, 140 tons; Ukraine, 40 tons; Poland, 15 tons; Lithuania, 5 tons.


Russia is the original source for alexandrite, one of the rarest gemstones in the world. The mines, discovered in the Ural Mountains in 1834, produced for only a few decades and have long since closed. There have been unconfirmed reports of new activity in this area, but no significant amount of material has hit the market yet. Russian alexandrite is still considered highly valuable — it's known for its remarkable color change — and will usually fetch premium prices for stones of high quality.

The Ural Mountains have also been a famous source for high-quality demantoid garnet. After more than a century of little or no active mining, new material has been unearthed in recent years, but mining continues to be sporadic. Miners believe that the area still holds high-quality, rich green material, but licensing problems, disputes over mining rights, and a short mining season continue to hamper production.

The material produced at the mines is lighter in color — closer to a mint shade of green — than the fine, rich green material Russia is known for. Both the quantity and size of this material is relatively small, with sizes ranging from 2.5 to 4.5 millimeters, but the stones found have been bright and clean.

By Gordon Austin, Morgan Beard, Mick Elmore, Cara Woudenberg, and Megan Zborowski
2005  November/December
In association with
This report was produced in collaboration with the International Colored Gemstone Association.

You assume all responsibility and risk for the use of the safety resources available on or through this web page. The International Gem Society LLC does not assume any liability for the materials, information and opinions provided on, or available through, this web page. No advice or information provided by this website shall create any warranty. Reliance on such advice, information or the content of this web page is solely at your own risk, including without limitation any safety guidelines, resources or precautions, or any other information related to safety that may be available on or through this web page. The International Gem Society LLC disclaims any liability for injury, death or damages resulting from the use thereof.

Morgan Beard

The All-In-One Jewelry Making Solution At Your Fingertips

When you join the Ganoksin community, you get the tools you need to take your work to the next level.

Become a Member

Trusted Jewelry Making Information & Techniques

Sign up to receive the latest articles, techniques, and inspirations with our free newsletter.